This work package will develop a knowledge-first methodological approach for social epistemology. Knowledge first frameworks - first proposed in Tim Williamson's 'Knowledge and Its Limits' (2000) - take knowledge as central to epistemological affairs and venture to analyse other epistemic standings in terms of knowledge. KnowledgeLab develops a knowledge-first framework for social epistemological issues, and novel, knowledge-first accounts of the epistemology of testimony, disagreement, groups and the media. It starts the analysis with the epistemic function of our social epistemic interactions - that of generating knowledge - and it identifies the normative structure that is borne out by this function. 


  • Simion, M. Forthcoming. Justification and Knowledge: Which One First?. Contemporary  Debates in Epistemology, Volume 3 (eds. M. Steup, J. Turri and E. Sosa), Wiley-Blackwell.

  • Simion, M. Forthcoming. Epistemology. The Cambridge Handbook of Analytic Philosophy (ed. M. Rossberg).

  • Simion, M. Forthcoming. Defeat. Blackwell Companion to Epistemology (ed. Kurt Sylvan), Wiley-Blackwell.

  • Simion, M. Forthcoming. Engineering Evidence. New Perspectives on Conceptual Engineering (eds. M.G. Isaac and K. Scharp), Springer.

  • Simion, M. 2021. Review of Juan Comesana, Being Rational and Being Right, Oxford University Press 2020. Mind. Online First.